Updated: Jun 18, 2019
Originally, it was just a cluster of mining villages that emerged spontaneously near individual mines and that were interconnected by roads. After the mining activities moved away from the area of today's city centre, following the ore lodes, the area was vacated and brick houses were built there. The most prosperous period of Kutná Hora was between the end of the 13th century and the beginning of the Hussite Wars, when it was the second most prominent city in the Kingdom of Bohemia, right after Prague. People from around Europe were coming to work here. They say that the population at that time reached 60 thousand. The city became a true medieval metropolis with a cosmopolitan character; it was the economic centre of the country and the main source of national income.
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